A research partnership between Janaagraha and Brown University, gathering systematic data on the relationship between citizenship and delivery of public services in cities across India.
Depending on the definition of “urban”, India’s population, 32% urban in 2011, could well be over 40% urban in the next 8-10 years, if not higher.
As India continues to urbanise, some critical questions on the landscape emerge:
- In the rising cities, are citizens able to invoke their rights or do ties between the political elite and citizens remain unwaveringly strong?
- Can effective citizenship, exercised by citizens through political and civic participation, lead to substantive improvements in people’s lives? Specifically, can it help improve the extent and quality of public service delivery (water, sanitation, electricity, transport)?
With these questions in mind, Janaagraha and Professors Ashutosh Varshney and Patrick Heller at Brown University, USA, formed a research partnership and developed a project. In addition, Professor Siddharth Swaminathan (Azim Premji University, Bangalore) is our academic collaborator in India.
Entitled the Jana-Brown Citizenship Index (JB-CI) study, we are gathering systematic data on the relationship between citizenship and delivery of public services as well as on how citizens engage the state in cities across India.
Cities have been selected from all the geographic zones of the country. The table below summarizes these case selections. Data has already been collected in cities which are highlighted in green while we are currently preparing for fieldwork in the cities highlighted in orange. Following completion of data collection in all the listed cities, a nationwide comparison of urban and rural governance is planned.
Cities part of JB-CI
(UA)* in 2011
*Urban Agglomeration (UA) includes population in urban areas surrounding cities (Census 2011, Government of India).
Green – fieldwork complete
Orange – preparations underway for fieldwork
Our Bangalore findings can be studied here:
- Citizenship in Urban India: Evidence from Bangalore
- Citizenship in Bangalore: A Practitioner’s Review
- Does citizenship abate class? Read our article in EPW here.
- Does Citizenship Abate Class? Evidence and Reflections from Bangalore, India
Opinion pieces based on the data collected on the seven last phase cities can be accessed here:
- So Far From Smart: Missing from India’s Smart Cities plan: citizen participation
- Want a better quality of life?
- Hyderabad municipal polls showed booth-level officers not doing their job properly
- City municipalities are poor in fixing problems. People are turning to MLAs middlemen, NGOs.
- Need for local access points for central administration of identity cards .
- Kochi has high levels of service delivery .
COVID 19 vaccination penetration in the urban poor
The objective of this research was to collect quantitative evidence on aspects around vaccine penetration in the urban poor in four cities; Chennai, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, and Kochi. This includes vaccine awareness, uptake, reasons for non-uptake, location of vaccine source and understanding how vaccines were coordinated. The survey was conducted from May 6 to June 14, 2021. Read our summary report here.
Dataset and Tables
To access the raw data and tables, please click below:
For more information or to discuss any aspects of the project, please contact: Tarun Arora, Project Manager, Research and Insights at Janaagraha: firstname.lastname@example.org
To know more about our survey findings for specific project cities, click on the city link – Bangalore